The PGA Merger with LIV: A Game-Changing Alliance

PGA merger with LIV

In a surprising turn of events, the Professional Golfers’ Association (PGA) Tour has announced a landmark merger with the Saudi-backed LIV Golf. This unexpected development has sent shockwaves through the golfing world, with many players and agents left in the dark until the official announcement. The merger, which also includes the DP World Tour, represents a significant shift in the global golf landscape.

The Genesis of the Merger

The merger was born out of a series of discussions between Jay Monahan, the PGA Tour commissioner, and Yasir Al-Rumayyan, the governor of the Saudi Public Investment Fund (PIF). The PIF had previously invested over $2 billion into the LIV Golf enterprise, making it a formidable player in the golfing world. The merger signifies the end of all pending litigation, including antitrust lawsuits filed by LIV Golf lawyers in November 2022 against the PGA Tour.

The Key Players

Jay Monahan and Yasir Al-Rumayyan were the primary architects of this merger. Monahan, as the commissioner of the PGA Tour, played a crucial role in facilitating the agreement. On the other hand, Al-Rumayyan, as the governor of the PIF, brought significant financial backing to the table. Their combined efforts have resulted in a new entity that will oversee all three golf entities: the PGA Tour, LIV Golf, and the DP World Tour.

The Role of the Saudi Public Investment Fund

The Saudi Public Investment Fund’s involvement in the merger cannot be understated. With its previous investment of over $2 billion into LIV Golf, the PIF demonstrated its commitment to advancing the sport of golf on a global scale. This investment made the PIF a significant player in the golfing world, and its influence played a key role in facilitating the merger.

The End of Litigation

The merger marked a significant turning point in the legal landscape of professional golf. It signified the end of all pending litigation, including the antitrust lawsuits filed by LIV Golf lawyers in November 2022 against the PGA Tour. This resolution of legal disputes was a critical step in paving the way for the merger.

The Impact of the PGA and LIV Merger

The merger between the Professional Golfers’ Association (PGA) and the Saudi-backed LIV Golf has certainly sent shockwaves through the world of professional golf. This unprecedented unification ushers in a new era of collaboration and unity in the sport, promising to bring about exciting developments and opportunities for players, fans, and commercial partners alike. But what does this merger truly mean for the future of golf? Let’s delve deeper into the implications of this historic agreement.

The Winners and Losers


  1. The Players: The merger provides a pathway for LIV Golf players to return to the PGA Tour and participate in major tournaments. It also promises increased prize money, although the extravagant offers made to players like Tiger Woods are unlikely to be repeated.
  2. The Fans: From a pure golf perspective, fans stand to benefit from the merger. The potential for top players to compete in other tour events is expected to boost ratings and enhance the viewing experience.
  3. Advertisers and Sponsors: The merger is likely to create more marketing opportunities for brands. However, this could also lead to higher costs for television commercials and sponsorship deals.


  1. Critics of Saudi Arabia: There is a baseline sentiment about the Saudi Arabian government using the LIV and the fund backing it to change the perception of the country may find this merger to be a bit of a slap in the face.
  2. Players Who Held Out: Players such as Rory MacIlroy who was outspoken calling it a “money grab” and Justin Tomas who said it was nothing more than a “gimmick tour” may find themselves in uncomfortable waters going forward.
  3. Players Who Joined LIV and Left: Dustin Johnson signed with LIV only to later publicly claim to regret his decision. Also Brooks Koepka, an LIV signee has stated that he is not happy with how the tour is being run. The jury is out on whether that will affect their careers post merger, but it will be interesting to see how it plays out.

The Future of Golf Post-Merger

The PGA and LIV Golf merger is expected to have far-reaching implications for the future of professional golf. Here are some potential outcomes:

Increased Viewership: The merger could lead to higher viewership, thanks to the potential for top players to compete in other tour events. For instance, the final round of the 2023 Masters Tournament drew an average of 12 million viewers on CBS.

Elevated Costs for Advertisers and Sponsors: Advertisers and sponsors may face higher costs to reach golf audiences. The new entity will be “the only game in town” for golf events, which could drive up the price of television commercials and sponsorship deals.

A Global Set of Sponsors: The merger could result in a global set of sponsors across the organization, in addition to another roster of sponsors for each of the PGA Tour, DP World Tour, and LIV Golf.

A Boost for the Golf Industry: Golf’s popularity is surging in the US, with the industry valued at $102 billion in 2023, up 20% from 2016. The merger could further boost this growth.

Pros and Cons

The PGA and LIV Golf merger represents a significant shift in the landscape of professional golf. While it promises exciting developments and opportunities, it also raises questions about the future of the sport:


  • The merger will create a unified global golf entity, potentially leading to increased viewership and fan engagement.
  • It will end all pending litigation between the parties, allowing for a fresh start.
  • The new entity will be a for-profit organization that will benefit golf’s players, commercial and charitable partners, and fans.


  • The merger has been criticized for potentially monopolizing the sport and helping the Saudi regime to “sportswash” its image.
  • Some players feel that they were left in the dark about the merger, leading to a lack of trust.
  • There are concerns about the future of LIV Golf under this partnership and who will run it.

The PGA merger with LIV marks a significant turning point in the world of golf. While it has its share of critics, the merger also presents new opportunities for growth and development in the sport. Only time will tell how this landmark agreement will shape the future of golf on a global basis.

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